Testing: Configuration Tests

Testinfra tests verify the end state of the staging VMs. Any changes to the Ansible configuration should have a corresponding spectest.


pip install --require-hashes -r securedrop/requirements/python3/develop-requirements.txt

Running the Config Tests

In order to run the tests, first create and provision the VM you intend to test.

For the staging VMs:

make build-debs
make staging

The VMs will be set up using either the libvirt or virtualbox Vagrant VM provider, depending on your system settings. You’ll need to use the appropriate commands below based on your choice of provider.

Then, to run the tests:


molecule verify -s libvirt-staging


molecule verify -s virtualbox-staging


To run only a single test, set PYTEST_ADDOPTS="-k name_of_test" in your environment.

Test failure against any host will generate a report with informative output about the specific test that triggered the error. Molecule will also exit with a non-zero status code.


To build and test the VMs with one command, use the Molecule test action: molecule test -s libvirt-staging --destroy=never, or molecule test -s virtualbox-staging --destroy=never.

Updating the Config Tests

Changes to the Ansible config should result in failing config tests, but only if an existing task was modified. If you add a new task, make sure to add a corresponding spectest to validate that state after a new provisioning run. Tests import variables from separate YAML files than the Ansible playbooks:

├── app-prod.yml
├── app-staging.yml
├── mon-prod.yml
├── mon-staging.yml
└── staging.yml

Any variable changes in the Ansible config should have a corresponding entry in these vars files. These vars are dynamically loaded for each host via the molecule/testinfra/staging/conftest.py file. Make sure to add your tests to the relevant location for the host you plan to test:

├── apache
│   ├── test_apache_journalist_interface.py
│   ├── test_apache_service.py
│   ├── test_apache_source_interface.py
│   └── test_apache_system_config.py
├── test_apparmor.py
├── test_appenv.py
├── test_network.py
└── test_ossec.py

In the example above, to add a new test for the app-staging host, add a new file to the testinfra/staging/app directory.


Read Updating OSSEC Rules to learn how to write tests for the OSSEC rules.

Config Test Layout

With some exceptions, the config tests are broken up according to platform definitions in the Molecule configuration:

├── app
├── app-code
├── common
├── mon
├── ossec
└── vars

Ideally the config tests would be broken up according to roles, mirroring the Ansible configuration. Prior to the reorganization of the Ansible layout, the tests are rather tightly coupled to hosts. The layout of config tests is therefore subject to change.

Config Testing Strategy

The config tests currently emphasize testing implementation rather than functionality. This was a temporary measure to increase the testing baseline for validating the Ansible provisioning flow, which aided in migrating to a current version of Ansible (v2+). Now that the Ansible version is current, the config tests can be improved to validate behavior, such as confirming ports are blocked via external network calls, rather than simply checking that the iptables rules are formatted as expected.